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37°47′47″S 144°57′41″E / 37.7963°S 144.9614°E / -37.7963; 144.9614 Coordinates: 37°47′47″S 144°57′41″E / 37.7963°S 144.9614°E / -37.7963; 144.9614
University Of Melbourne
The University of Melbourne is a public research university located in Melbourne, Australia. Founded in 1853, it is the second oldest university in Australia and the oldest university in Victoria.
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Its main campus is located in Parkville, an inner suburb north of Melbourne’s Cottrell business district, with several other campuses throughout Victoria.
Incorporated in the 19th century by the colony of Victoria, the University of Melbourne is one of six Australian sandstone universities and a member of the McDonnell International Scholars Academy, Universities 21, University 21 University of Washington group.
And the Pacific Association of Universities. Since 1872, several residential colleges have joined the university, providing accommodation and academic, sports and cultural programs for students and faculty. There are T colleges on the main campus and nearby suburbs.
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The university has separate academic units and is affiliated with many institutes and research centres, including the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, the Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research and the Grattan Institute. . The university has fifty graduate schools, including Melbourne Business School, Melbourne Law School and Melbourne Medical School.
In the QS World University Rankings 2022, the university is ranked 37th globally and 2nd in Australia, behind the Australian National University.
Four prime ministers and five governor-generals of Australia graduated from the University of Melbourne. Eight Nobel laureates have taught, taught and conducted research at the University of Melbourne, the most of any university in Australia.
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The coat of arms of the university is a blue shield with the image of “Victory” in white and a laurel wreath over the star of the Southern Cross. The motto Postera Crescum Loud (“Henceforth I will rise for praise” or more faintly, “We will rise for the honor of generations to come”) is written on a scroll below the shield. The Latin comes from a line in Horace’s Odes: Ego postera crescam laude res.
The University of Melbourne was founded on 4 November 1852 in its first budget speech by Hugh Childers, Auditor-General and Chancellor of the Exchequer, who allocated £10,000 to establish the university.
The university was established on January 22, 1853 by an act of incorporation with the power to award degrees in arts, medicine, law and music. The Act provided for an annual dowry of £9,000, while a special grant of £20,000 was made for the building that year.
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The foundation stone was laid on July 3, 1854, the same day as the foundation stone of the state library.
Classes began in 1855 with three professors and a sixth student; There are only four graduates in this circle of graduates. The original buildings were officially opened on 3 October 1855 by Sir Charles Hotham, Lieutenant Governor of the Colony of Victoria.
The Law School was established at Parkville University in 1857, followed by the Faculty of Engineering and the School of Medicine in 1861 and 1862. The university’s residential colleges first opened in 1872 on the north side of the campus, which was divided into four major Christian denominations.
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The first chancellor, Redmond Barry (later Sir Redmond), served until his death in 1880. The wealth generated by the Victorian gold rush made the opening of the university possible. The organization was designed as a “civilizing influence” during a period of rapid settlement and commercial growth.
Julia ‘Bella’ Guerin graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1883, becoming the first woman to graduate from an Australian university.
In the early 1900s, the university expanded its offerings into more tailored courses. In 1901, the number of students at the University of Melbourne exceeded 500 for the first time. The University established the Diploma of Education in 1903 following negotiations with the Victorian Department of Education.
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Despite the economic depression of the 1890s and the discovery of significant fraud by the university registrar in 1901, the university continued to expand during this period. This growth included the construction of several buildings between 1900 and 1906. Such growth has been facilitated by large government funding allocations and funding campaigns by universities. Alongside the training provided by the Melbourne Dental Hospital, the University established a School of Dentistry to teach the scientific foundations of dentistry. Agriculture was established in 1911 after the State Director of Agriculture appointed the first professor. During this period the university became an important place of research and became one of the leading in Australia. After World War II, demand for higher education grew rapidly, leading to a period of transformation for universities.
In 1940, the Department of History published the first issue of Historical Studies, Australia and New Zealand, now Australian Historical Studies.
University expansion increased significantly in the 1980s and 1990s as the university merged with several top colleges. In 1988, the Melbourne College of Teachers became part of the Faculty of Education and the merger created a new Faculty of Education. In 1989, the College of Higher Education was incorporated into the university. During this period, more students were admitted to the university than before. The university has over 35,000 students. Such integration continued into the 1990s, when in 1992 the Victorian College of the Arts merged with the University of Melbourne. This expands the University of Melbourne’s number of campuses, which will now include the new St Kilda Road location.
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In 2001, the Melbourne School of Population Health was established, the first of its kind in Australia, and the university continued to grow. Work at Ctre includes contributions from many disciplines, from the social sciences to epidemiology. All health areas like indigestion, women’s, MTL, sexual and rural health are researched in ctre.
In 2008, Vice-Chancellor Glyn Davies undertook a major restructuring of the university’s curriculum. The new structure, called the Melbourne Model, replaces the traditional undergraduate specialist degree with a two-degree BA/MSc structure.
More than 100 bachelor’s degrees were replaced by six general degrees, in which students earn a general degree before specializing in professional or research degree courses.
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Influenced by North American scholars and the Bologna process, the introduction of the model was controversial among students and activists.
Criticized the introduction of the new structure, citing job and subject cuts and the risk of “dumbing down” content. One group took the stud model and created a satirical tool.
The dean of Monash University has rejected the model, arguing that it reduces student applications to Melbourne University.
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Between 2013 and 2015, Davis undertook a comprehensive restructuring of the university’s administration, dubbed the “Business Reform Program,” which saw 500 administrative staff fired and some administrative responsibilities transferred to academic staff.
At the same time, the university embarked on a major capital program, spending $2 billion on new buildings on campus over two years from 2018 to 2018.
Melbourne School of Land and VironMT dissolved on 1 January 2015. Its Department of Agriculture and Food Systems moved to Veterinary Sciences, as well as the Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, while other areas of study, including horticulture, forestry, resource management, JMT. Two new departments were transferred to the Faculty of Science. In 2019, allegations of a toxic workplace culture at the Faculty of Arts spread, with several senior staff resigning.
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Meanwhile, there has been controversy over the high salaries earned by vice-chancellors, with Davies earning $1.5 million in 2019, the most of any university head in Australia.
Like other Australian universities, the University of Melbourne has experienced a huge increase in the number of international students, and this means that the university is increasingly dependent on income from its foreign student body.
In 2020, teaching at the university was limited to selected clinical placements due to social distancing restrictions imposed by the Victorian State Government to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. In the first semester, most of the teaching was moved to online delivery.
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Like many other institutions and workplaces, university faculty members are choosing to conduct live online instruction via Zoom video communication.
In 2020, the university announced it was laying off 450 employees, the organization’s largest academic staff, despite planned spending of $4.2 billion on capital work over the decade through 2020.
Similarly, the outbreak of the delta version of Covid-19 in the second half of 2021 and the lockdown measures in Victoria have resulted in most learning returning to online delivery. In response, the university announced further job cuts despite running the university
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